CLASS, SURVEY, INSPECTIONS QUESTIONS & ANSWERS PART-4

0
700

Q. a) What are the various statutory certificates carried onboard oil tanker, and their validity? Mention the conventions, under which they are issued, giving the reference of their conventions.

b) Explain harmonization of statutory certificates under the SOLAS 74/78 convention. If a period of a statutory certificate has just expired and a port is having inadequate survey facility, state the actions you will take in compliance with the provisions of SOLAS.

Ans-

(a) Statutory certificates carried on Oil Tankers – Their Validity & related Conventions

Certificate Or document  Reference / Regulation  Restriction  
SOLAS    
Cargo ship safety construction certificate  Reg I/12  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate  Reg I/12  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate  Reg I/12  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Cargo Ship Safety Certificate  Protocol 88 Reg I/12  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Min Safe Manning Document  Reg V/14.2  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT , Passenger Vessels  
Safety Management Certificate (ISM)  Reg. IX/4 ISM Code 13.7  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Document Of Compliance (ISM)  Reg. IX/4 ISM Code Reg 13.2  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
International Ship Security certificate (ISPS)  Reg. XI-2/1.12 ISPS code Reg. A/19.2  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Emergency Towing Procedures  Reg. II-1/3-4.2  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Ships Structure Access Manual  Reg. II-1/3-6.4  Oil T > 500 GT Const After 1 July 2004  
Noise Survey Report  Reg. II-1/3-12  New Ships Of 1600 GT And above  
As – built Construction Drawings  Reg. II-1/3-7  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Ship Construction File  Reg.II-1/3-10  Oil T > 150 Mts In Length  
Deck Log Book  Reg II-1/15.6.5  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Intact Stability Booklet  Reg II-1/5, 22, 25-8 ILLC Protocol 88 Reg. 10  Cargo Ships > 24 m  
Coating Technical File  Reg. II-1/3 -2  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Damage Control Plan  Reg. II-1/19 HSC Code  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Damage Control Booklet  Reg. II-1/19  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Manoeuvring Information  Reg II-1/28  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Maintenance Programme / Plan  Reg.II-2/14.2.2  Vessels > 500 GT  
Maintenance Programme / Plan for IGS,Deck Foam Sys,FSA in pump room, Flammable gas detectors  Reg.II-2/14.2.4  Tanker  
Training Manual  Reg.II-2/15.2.3  Vessels > 500 GT  
Fire Control and Safety Plan  Reg.II-2/15.2.4 1995 + 2000 HSC code  Vessels > 500 GT  
Fire Safety Operation Booklet  Reg.II-2/16  Vessels > 500 GT  
Instruction Manual For IGS  FSS Code  Tanker > 20000 DWT  
Factual Statement For LSRS  Reg III/1.5 LSA Code 4.4.7.6  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Muster List  Reg. III/8,37   
Emergency Instructions  Reg. III.8   
Ship Specific Plan For Recovery Of Person from water  Reg. III/17-1  All Ships  
Training Manual For LSA  Reg III.35  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Instructions For On board maintenance Of LSA   Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
Radio Record   Cargo Vessels > 300 GT  
VDR COP   Cargo Vessels > 3000 GT  
AIS Test Report   Cargo Vessels > 300 GT  
LRIT – Conformance test Report   Cargo Vessels > 300 GT  
Int Code For Signals Up to Date   Cargo Vessels > 300 GT  
Deviation Curve For Magnetic Compass   Cargo Vessels > 150 GT  
Nautical Publications   Cargo Vessels  
Records Pilot Ladder   Cargo Vessels  
MSDS   Ships Carrying Marpol Annex 1 cargo / marine F.O  
Ship Security Plan  ISPS A/9  Cargo Vessels > 500 GT  
MARPOL ANNEX 1    
IOPP Certificate  Reg. 7.1  Cargo Vessels > 150 GT  
Statement Of Compliance with CAS as a Supp to IOPP (Now phased Out)  Reg 20.6 /21.6  Non Dbl Hull / 5000 tdw  
Plans & Documents    
COW Manual  Reg 33  Ext Crude Oil Tkr >40,000tdw New Crude Oil Tkrs. >20,000 tdw
Dedicated Clean Ballast Tank Op Manual  Reg 18.8  Ext Crude Oil Tkr . >40,000tdw with Dedicated clean ballast tanks  
Record Of ODMCS for Last Ballast Voyage   OT > 150 GT  
ORB 1Machinery Spaces  17.1 , 36.1  OT>150 GT & other >400GT  
ORB 2 Cargo / Ballast  17.2 36.2  OT>150 GT  
SOPEP  Reg 37  OT>150 GT & other >400GT  
STS Ops Plan  Reg 41  OT>150 GT  
MARPOL Annex IV    
ISPPC sewage  Reg 5  > 400 GT or carry + 15 ppl  
Result Of Calc Of Mod rate of disc  Reg 11.1.1   
Annex V    
Garbage Management Plan  Reg 9  >400 GT or Carry >15ppl  
Garbage Record Book  Reg 9  >400 GT or Carry >15ppl  
Annex VI    
IAPP Cert  Reg 6.1  >400GT  
EIAPP Cert  Nox Tech Code  Engines >130kW  
IEECReg 6.4  >400GT  
Plans & Documents    
ODP List Of Equip  Reg 12.5 & 12.6  >400GT  
F.O Change Over Procedures & Log Book    
VOC Management Plan    
Incinerator Operating Manual   >400GT  
BDN & Rep Sample   >400GT  
SEEMP   >400GT  
EEDI Tech File   >400GT  
Load Line Convention 66    
ILLC   >24m In Length  
International Tonnage Conv 69    
Int Tonnage Certificate   >24m In Length  
AFS Convention    
Int A-F Sys Certificate   >400GT  
Int A-F Sys Declaration   >24m In Length & <400GT  
STCW 78/95/2010    
Certificate of Master , Officers & Ratings    
Rest Hours    
ILO Conventions    
MLC & DMCL Part I & II   >500GT  
Cert Of Compliance for Accomodations    
Medical Certificates    
Load Test Certificates cargo gear    
Liability Convention    
Cert Of Insurance for Civil Liability for Oil Poll Damage   Carrying >2000 Tons of Oil as cargo  
IHR Int Health Regulations    
Ships sanitation control cert    
Telecommunication Union Conventions    
Radio Station Liscence  Ch V Radio Reg 18  Vessels Radio Station  
Radio Service Doc   Vessels Radio Station  
Convention On the Law Of the Sea    
Certificate Of Registry  Art 91  All ships  

HARMONIZATION OF SURVEY

A harmonized system of survey & certification (HSSC) covering international shipping regulations adopted by the IMO enters into force on 3 February 2000, in order to alleviate the problems caused by survey dates and intervals between surveys which do not coincide, covering international shipping regulations including the codes and conventions of these following institutions:

  • International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974
  • The International Convention on Load Lines (LL), 1966
  • The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto -MARPOL 73/78
  • The International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code)
  • Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (BCH Code)
  • Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code).

Surveys, made in accordance with the HSSC system for ships, to harmonize intervals between surveys of all legitimate certificates issued to all marine vessels.

The harmonized system is presumed to facilitate all the troubles of periods between surveys so that any ship would not have to worry about going into the process of a survey schedule required by one convention right after having gone through the same thing concerned in connection with another instrument.

The international requirements introducing the harmonized system of survey and certification for the SOLAS and Load Lines Conventions were adopted by IMO at an International Conference on the Harmonized System of Survey and Certification held in 1988 – In 1978 previously other conventions were already brought about for the same matter line MARPOL etc

List of certificates required on board ship relating to harmonized system of survey and certification (some depend on type of ship)

  • Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, including Record of Equipment
  • Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate
  • Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate, including Record of Equipment
  • Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate, including Record of Equipment
  • Cargo Ship Safety Certificate, including Record of Equipment
  • International Load Lines Certificate(ILLC)
  • International Load Lines Exemption Certificate
  • International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate
  • International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk.
  • International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk
  • International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk
  • Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk

The harmonized system provides for:

  • A one-year standard interval between surveys, based on initial, annual, intermediate, periodical and renewal surveys as appropriate;
  • A scheme for providing the necessary flexibility for the execution of each survey with the provision that the renewal survey may be completed within three months before the expiry date of the existing certificate with no loss of its period of validity;
  • A maximum period of validity of five years of all certificates for cargo ships;
  • A maximum period of validity of 12 months of the Passenger Ship Safety Certificate;
  • A system for the extension of certificates limited to three months to enable a ship to complete its voyage (or one month for ships engaged on short voyages);
  • When an extension has been granted, the period of validity of the new certificate is to start from the expiry date of the existing certificate before its extension.
  1. The main changes to the SOLAS and Load Lines Conventions are that annual inspections have been made mandatory for cargo ships and unscheduled inspections have been discontinued. Other changes refer to survey intervals and requirements.
  2. No more unscheduled inspections for the harmonized system of classification for the ships, while annual surveys have been made mandatory
  3. At least 2 inspections are required to be executed of the ship’s bottom in a 5 year period; maximum interval between the inspections has also been set at not more than36 months.
  4. A substantive harmonized system for the merchant marine which credits a combined cargo ship safety certificate to replace existing safety equipment, safety construction & safety radio certificates