Q. Prepare a waste management plan for a port of your choice to comply with the requirements of MARPOL Convention.

Answer :-

The Port Waste Management Plan shall include:

1. Identification of a person or persons to be responsible for the implementation of the waste management plan.

2. A description of pre-treatment equipment and processes in the harbour or terminal, if any.

3. A description of methods of recording actual use of the waste reception facilities.

4. A description of methods of recording the amounts of prescribed wastes received.

5. A description of how the prescribed wastes are disposed off.

6. Location of Facilities and Ease of Use:

1) Access.

2) Distance from berth clearly marked.

3) Lighting

The Port Waste Management Plan shall provide for the following information to be made available:

1. Locations of waste facilities applicable to each berth, with diagram or map.

2. List of prescribed wastes normally dealt with.

3. List of contact points, the operators and services offered.

4. Description of procedures for delivery.

5. Description of the charging system.

6. Procedures for reporting alleged inadequacies of waste reception facilities.

  • The Master of these vessels should obtain, a receipt or certificate specifying the type and estimated amount of garbage transferred. The receipt or certificates must be kept on board the ship for two years.
  • Master of a vessel shall notify the terminal in advance of the waste aboard and the amounts to be offloaded
  • Charging: Charges must apply to ships irrespective of whether they make any use of the waste reception facilities. To promote the disposal to facility and avoid throwing in sea.

Plan for JNPT Port waste management:

Various ship generated wastes as per various Annexes of MARPOL are as follows:

The categories normally under present consideration at JNPT are Annexes I, II, IV and V.

1. Oily Waste (MARPOL ANNEX – I):

a. The ship intending to discharge waste at JNPT informs the agent indicating the quantity of waste to be discharged.

b. The agent is required to fill up the notification form submit to the port, along with the undertaking from the port approved waste collector selected by them. This request is to be submitted to MC & PC Section at least 24 hrs. in advance.

c. The port has granted permission to certain private contractors to collect sludge oil from ships at the Port.

d. Permission Sludge discharge is permitted only between 6 AM to 6 PM.

e. The clearance of sludge from the Port area, Custom formalities, treatment and disposal of waste etc., are the responsibility of the Contractor as per relevant legislation.

2. Wastes from noxious liquid substances (Annex – II):

a. Presently Liquid substances operation is carried out at Liquid Cargo Jetty of M/s BPCL.

b. BPCL is entirely responsible for providing reception facility for Annex-II wastes in their terminal, as per the license agreement between JNPT & BPCL.

3. Waste from Harmful Substances carried in packaged form (Annex III): No such facility is provided by the Port, as visiting vessels do not require this at present.

4. Sewage from Ships (Annex IV)

a. It has been observed that no vessel requires reception facility for sewage, as most of the vessels are having sewage treatment plant on board.

b. In case any requirement of the sewage waste facility arises in future, the same can be provided through road tankers belonging to contractor which can off load the sewage in the sewage treatment plant at Township or any other designated and recommended plant.

5. Garbage (Annex V)

a. A garbage collection facility is provided to visit vessels at JNPT Terminals and hired Port crafts on chargeable basis, through a private Contractor. The garbage is disposed off at designated place provided by PP&D Department, JNPT, outside the Port area.

b. BPCL is also required to provide this facility to the vessels in their terminal.

c. The PP&D Department is in the process of setting up a Solid Waste Management facility for treatment of garbage waste. Upon becoming operational, the garbage may be disposed off through this system.

6. Prevention of Air Pollution from ship (Annex-VI): The requirement of reception facility for such waste is non existent at present. However, in case of requirement in future, a suitable mechanism may be evolved.

Other aspects of the plan are as follows:

1. Monitoring: The data on Annex-I waste is maintained and communicated to DG Shipping annually. The data is also analyzed for changes in trend, quantum etc.

2. Emergency Response Plan : The port’s Emergency Action Plan will be followed in case of any emergency arising out of the handling of wastes. The EAP contains procedures for the oil spill, leakages of Noxious Substances, fire, explosion etc.

3. Audit & Review: This WMP will be subject to periodic audit & review. The frequency for audit may be within 2 years after implementation & thereafter every 3 years as per guidelines issued by DGS.

4. Charges: JNPT charges wharfage of Rs. xx/- per/ton & Rs. xx /- per/ton as weighment charge from the authorized Recycler / Reprocessor.